In principle a team consists of up to 8 players.
At least 6 players must be present at the beginning of the game. If the number of players eligible to play drops below 4, the game is discontinued and the other team is deemed the winner of the match.
A maximum of 4 players per team (3 court players and 1 goalkeeper) may be on the playing court. The remaining players are substitutes who remain in their own substitution area.
A player who is not entitled to participate shall be disqualified if he enters the court. The game is restarted with a free-throw for the opponents.
All players play barefoot. It is permitted to wear socks or sports bandages. Sport shoes and other types of footwear are not permitted.
A players who is entering the playing court as a goalkeeper must wear colors that distinguish him from the court players of both teams and the goalkeepers of the opposing team.
Not more than two players of a team shall be marked as goalkeeper.
The goalkeeper is allowed to leave the goal area without the ball and participate in the game in the playing area; when doing so, the goalkeeper becomes subject to the rules applying to players in the playing area.
When a goal is scored by the goalkeeper two points are awarded (from the game or during the shoot-out).
The goalkeeper is allowed to enter the playing court only over the side line of his own team‘s goalkeeper‘s area and only from the side of his own team‘s substitution area.The goalkeeper may leave the playing area over the side-line of his own team‘s substitution area or the goal area, but only on the side of his own team substitution area.
The game consists of two halves, which are scored separately. Each half lasts 10 minutes. The half-time break lasts 3 minutes. The playing time (execution of Referee-throw and start of the clock) begins with a referee‘s whistle.
The referees use a coin toss in order to determine the choice of ends and which team starts. If a team has won the coin toss and elects to start, then the opponents have the right to choose ends.
After the half-time break the teams change ends. They do not change the substitution areas.
If the score is even at the end of a half, the „Golden Goal“ is used. Play restarts with a referee-throw. The winner of each half is awarded one point.
If both halves are won by the same team, this team is the overall winner, with the score 2:0.
If each team wins a half, the result is a tie. As there must always be a winner, the „Shoot-out“ („One player against the goalkeeper“) is used.
Each team has the right to receive a 1-minute team time-out in each half of the regular playing time.
If both teams have won a half, a “Shoot-out’ (One player against the goalkeeper) is used. In the “Shoot-out” the referees use a coin toss in order to determine the choice of ends and which team starts.
Five players who are eligible to play take throws alternating with the opposing team. If a goalkeeper is one of the throwers, he counts as a court player when he take his throw.
Both goalkeepers start off standing on the goal line at least with one foot. The court player must stand in the playing area with one foot on the right or left point where the goal-area line and the side line cross. When the referee blows the whistle he plays the ball back to his goalkeeper on the goal line. During the pass the ball is not allowed to touch the ground. Once the ball has left the player’s hand both goalkeepers may move forward. Defending goalkeeper can´t go further than 1m from his goal area (NEW)!!! The goalkeeper with the ball must remain in his goal area. Within 3 seconds he has must either take a shot at the opposing goal or pass the ball to his teammate, who is running towards the opponent’s goal. Also during this pass, the ball is not allowed to touch the ground.
If the attacking goalkeeper or the court player commits a rule violation the attack is over.
The winner is the team that has scored more points after five throws. If the outcome has not been decided after the first round, the “Shoot –out” is continued. For this purpose the ends shall be changed first (without changing the substitution area - see comment). Again five players who are eligible to play take throws alternatively with the opposing team. Now the other team goes first.
In this round and any subsequent round the match is decided as soon as one team takes the lead once there has been an equal number of attempts by each team.
THE GOAL AREA
The ball may always be played when it is at rest or rolling, even in the goal-area. However, the court players are not allowed to enter the goal area to do so (free-throw).
It is allowed to play the ball which is in the air above the goal area, except in case of a goalkeeper‘s throw.
It is permitted to:
throw, catch, stop, push or hit the ball, by using hands (open or closed), arms head, torso, thighs and knees, diving for the ball when it is lying or rolling on the ground is also permitted, hold the ball for a maximum of 3 seconds, also when it is lying on the floor.
The ball may not remain on the ground longer than 3 seconds and then be picked up again by the same player who last touched it (free-throw).
take a maximum of 3 steps with the ball.
While standing or running:
bounce the ball once and catch it again with one or both hands;
bounce the ball repeatedly with one hand (dribble), or roll the ball on the ground repeatedly with one hand, and then catch it or pick it up again with one or both hands.
A goal is scored when the entire ball has crossed the entire width of the goal line, provided that no violation of the rules has been committed by the thrower or a teammate before or during the throw.
A goal shall be awarded to the opponents, if a player plays the ball into his own goal, except in the situation where a goalkeeper is executing a goalkeeper-throw .
Creative or spectacular goals are awarded with two points. A goal scored by a 6-m throw is awarded with two points.
Two points are awarded when a goal is scored by the goalkeeper (from the game or during the shoot-out).
FOULS AND UNSPORTSMANLIKE CONDUCT
It is permitted to:
use arms and hands to block or gain possession of the ball;
use an open hand to play the ball away from the opponent from any direction
use the body to obstruct an opponent, even when the opponent is not in possession of the ball;
make body contact with an opponent, when facing him and with bent arms, and maintain this contact in order to monitor and follow the opponent.
It is not permitted to:
pull or hit the ball out of the hands of an opponent;
block or force away an opponent with arms, hands or legs;
restrain, hold, push, run or jump into an opponent;
interfere with, impede or endanger an opponent (with or without the ball) in contravention of the rules
Violations of rule where the action is mainly or exclusively directed at the opponent and not at the ball, are to be punished progressively
The suspended player is not allowed to participate in the game during his suspension, and the team is not allowed to replace him on the court. The suspended player can be replaced or is allowed to enter the playing court as soon as there has been a change of possession between the two teams
The second suspension of a player results in a disqualification.